This global estimate for disability is on the rise due to population ageing and the rapid spread of chronic diseases, as well as improvements in the methodologies used to measure disability.
Following chapters on understanding disability and measuring disability, the report contains topic-specific chapters on health; rehabilitation; assistance and support; enabling environments; education; and employment.
Within each chapter, there is a discussion of the barriers confronted, and case studies showing how countries have succeeded in addressing these by promoting good practice.
In its final chapter, the report offers nine concrete recommendations for policy and practice which if put in place could lead to real improvements in the lives of people with disability.
The summary of the report contains the main messages and recommendations. The summary report is available in easy-to-read, audio, and screen reader compatible formats. Braille versions English, Spanish and French can be ordered by contacting disability who.
Health Topics. Year of the Nurse and the Midwife About Us. Skip to main content. World report on disability. You are here: Disability and rehabilitation World report on disability.By Thomas Insel on September 28, The economic costs of mental illness have never been easy to pin down.
A report last week from the World Economic Forum WEF attempts to capture the costs of several classes of non-communicable diseases NCDs and projects the economic burden through Recognizing there is no ideal method, the authors adopted three approaches to estimate global economic burden: a a standard cost of illness method, b macroeconomic simulation, and c the value of a statistical life. Mental health costs are the largest single source; larger than cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, cancer, or diabetes.
Considering that those with mental illness are at high risk for developing cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes, the true costs of mental illness must be even higher. What makes these numbers especially important is the realization that they can be reduced.
The WHO recently provided a list of "best buys" — low-cost interventions such as tobacco control and reductions in alcohol and substance use that can dramatically alter the prevalence and cost of NCDs.
The WEF advises governments and corporations not medical practitioners and patients. But the message should be of broad interest: the economic health of both developing and developed nations will depend on controlling the staggering growth in costs from NCDs. The unmistakable message from this report is that mental illnesses are the largest single driver to these costs. These costs can be controlled. As the report concludes: "Economic policy-makers are naturally concerned about economic growth.
The evidence presented in this report indicates that it would be illogical and irresponsible to care about economic growth and simultaneously ignore NCDs.
Interventions in this area will undeniably be costly. But inaction is likely to be far more costly. Mental health researchers, clinicians, and advocates from around the world who participated in the Grand Challenges in Global Mental Health clearly recognized many of the complexities of the frequent chronicity of mental disorders and their interplay with other chronic diseases.Panic! At The Disco - High Hopes (Official Video)
As they highlighted specific challenges for the field, they identified the need to redesign health systems to integrate mental disorders with other chronic-disease care, and create parity between mental and physical illness in investment into research, training, treatment and prevention.
By studying the costs of integrated care in high- and low-income setting health care systems and by expanding a set of "best buys" for mental health. Insel TR.
The world needs more toilets
Assessing the economic costs of serious mental illness. J Psychiatry. PMID: Soni, Anita. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population.Not necessarily intentionally, but life has a way of handing you what you need right when you need it sometimes. Exploring what touch looks like in the context of different relationships, Lore encourages us to reframe how we think about touch and see it for what it can be — a beautiful, powerful gift and ministry tool to ourselves and others.
I was crying every few days. I was having a hard time sleeping. Everything in my life felt boring, mundane, and generally unsatisfying. Here are three guardrails to help you show up on social media in the healthiest way possible.
One undergraduate chooses to practice gratitude when the global pandemic brings her college career to an abrupt end. Kindness prays for the victims and the shooter, my grandma, and the caller. It may be up and moving your life halfway across the world. It may be parenting as best you can, through temper tantrums and toddlers taking their first steps.
Without further ado, here are my 3 sustainable steps — the same ones I tell those who ask me how I create long-haul habits — to cultivate discipline. I've realized as I've gotten older that the more we choose things and people and situations that are who we are, the stronger we become. The more we build upon the pieces of ourselves and the more we discover our intricacies, the more we discover who we are and who others are.
Snail mail is for the cool kids. New Reads:. Jun 30, The Subtle Art of Finding Balance. Jun 23, Book Review:: Handle with Care.
Jun 16, When you're feeling stuck. Basically, I was stuck. Jun 9, Jun 2, Gratitude of an Undergrad. May 26, Fierce Kindness. Apr 22, Your own extraordinary. Apr 15, Cultivating Discipline in 3 Steps.In terms of wealth rather than income, the top 1 percent control 40 percent. Their lot in life has improved considerably. Twenty-five years ago, the corresponding figures were 12 percent and 33 percent.
World report on disability
One response might be to celebrate the ingenuity and drive that brought good fortune to these people, and to contend that a rising tide lifts all boats. That response would be misguided. While the top 1 percent have seen their incomes rise 18 percent over the past decade, those in the middle have actually seen their incomes fall.
For men with only high-school degrees, the decline has been precipitous—12 percent in the last quarter-century alone.
All the growth in recent decades—and more—has gone to those at the top. In terms of income equality, America lags behind any country in the old, ossified Europe that President George W.
Bush used to deride. Among our closest counterparts are Russia with its oligarchs and Iran. While many of the old centers of inequality in Latin America, such as Brazil, have been striving in recent years, rather successfully, to improve the plight of the poor and reduce gaps in income, America has allowed inequality to grow. Economists long ago tried to justify the vast inequalities that seemed so troubling in the midth century—inequalities that are but a pale shadow of what we are seeing in America today.
It is a theory that has always been cherished by the rich. Evidence for its validity, however, remains thin. The corporate executives who helped bring on the recession of the past three years—whose contribution to our society, and to their own companies, has been massively negative—went on to receive large bonuses. Those who have contributed great positive innovations to our society, from the pioneers of genetic understanding to the pioneers of the Information Age, have received a pittance compared with those responsible for the financial innovations that brought our global economy to the brink of ruin.
Some people look at income inequality and shrug their shoulders. So what if this person gains and that person loses? What matters, they argue, is not how the pie is divided but the size of the pie. That argument is fundamentally wrong. There are several reasons for this. First, growing inequality is the flip side of something else: shrinking opportunity.
Whenever we diminish equality of opportunity, it means that we are not using some of our most valuable assets—our people—in the most productive way possible. Second, many of the distortions that lead to inequality—such as those associated with monopoly power and preferential tax treatment for special interests—undermine the efficiency of the economy. This new inequality goes on to create new distortions, undermining efficiency even further.
To give just one example, far too many of our most talented young people, seeing the astronomical rewards, have gone into finance rather than into fields that would lead to a more productive and healthy economy. The United States and the world have benefited greatly from government-sponsored research that led to the Internet, to advances in public health, and so on.
But America has long suffered from an under-investment in infrastructure look at the condition of our highways and bridges, our railroads and airportsin basic research, and in education at all levels.
Further cutbacks in these areas lie ahead. The more divided a society becomes in terms of wealth, the more reluctant the wealthy become to spend money on common needs. In the process, they become more distant from ordinary people, losing whatever empathy they may once have had.
They also worry about strong government—one that could use its powers to adjust the balance, take some of their wealth, and invest it for the common good. The top 1 percent may complain about the kind of government we have in America, but in truth they like it just fine: too gridlocked to re-distribute, too divided to do anything but lower taxes.
Economists are not sure how to fully explain the growing inequality in America. Globalization has created a worldwide marketplace, pitting expensive unskilled workers in America against cheap unskilled workers overseas. Social changes have also played a role—for instance, the decline of unions, which once represented a third of American workers and now represent about 12 percent. But one big part of the reason we have so much inequality is that the top 1 percent want it that way.Figure 1 shows the huge increase in world energy consumption that has taken place in roughly the last years.
This rise in energy consumption is primarily from increased fossil fuel use. Figure 1. With energy consumption rising as rapidly as shown in Figure 1, it is hard to see what is happening when viewed at the level of the individual. To get a different view, Figure 2 shows average consumption per person, using world population estimates by Angus Maddison.
Figure 2. Per capita world energy consumption, calculated by dividing world energy consumption shown in Figure 1 by population estimates, based on Angus Maddison data. On a per capita basis, there is a huge spurt of growth between World War II and There is also a small spurt about the time of World War I, and a new spurt in growth recently, as a result of growing coal usage in Asia.
In this post, I provide additional charts showing long-term changes in energy supply, together with some observations regarding implications. Prior toenergy per capita did not rise very much with the addition of coal energy, suggesting that the early use of coal mostly offset other fuel uses, or permitted larger families.
Between World War II andthere was a huge ramp-up in energy consumption per capita. There are several reasons why this might happen:. Figure 3. Figure 4. World Population, based primarily Angus Maddison estimates, interpolated where necessary. If we look at year percentage changes in world population and energy use, this is the pattern we see:. Figure 5.
Decade percentage increases in energy use compared to population growth, using amounts from Figures 2 and 4. Figure 5 shows that a significant increase in the use of energy first occurred about the time of World War I. A second spurt in energy use started about the time of World War II.
Population increased a bit with the first spurt in energy use, but did not really take off until the second spurt. Part of the population rise after World War II may be related to the invention of antibiotics —PenicillinStreptomycinand Tetracycline Use of energy to upgrade water and sewer services, and to sterilize milk and to refrigerate meat, may have made a difference as well.
Sincethe rate of increase in world population has declined. One reason for this decline may be the use of oral contraceptives. These were first approved for use in the United States in Other reasons might include more education for women, and more women entering into the paid work force.I have a huge amount of respect for working moms. Goodness gracious, it can be such a challenging gig. And how about the work-from-home situations? Where your attempts at multitasking make you simultaneously suck at your job AND being a parent?
Really quick, though, to my fellow WAHMs, how hard is it to draw the line between work and child-rearing? We have a nanny who works for us twice a week frombut I STILL find myself wanting to run out of my office also known as the desk in my bedroom to parent my children on those days. My point is, being a mom is hard. And the ones that create inspiring businesses and organizations with little ones in tow are amazing, in my eyes.
With that being said, meet Caroline Kunitz. She is the founder of the LA Diaper Drive, and her organization is who I will be working with this fall to raise money and provide diapers to those in need.
In the meantime, here are some ways YOU can help those with diaper need. Learn more about how you can become involved in your community at EveryLittleBottom. Find out where you can donate diapers locallyattend a diaper drive event or even host your own diaper drive. However, my opinions are entirely my own and I have not been paid to publish positive comments.
How do I get started? Words of advice?? If not, you can catch up here, here and here. Categories: Family. Jen September 29, at am. Meaghan September 29, at pm.What a wonderful friendship.
Reading this made me feel like I knew him and I wept for both of you. What a beautiful tribute to your friend and to your friendship.
Post a Comment. Wednesday, July 15, Sleep Well, Don. This is not how I thought it would end.
World Energy Consumption Since 1820 in Charts
I thought I would get to talk to you again, to say goodbye to you. You called on Saturday morning but I was on the other line. I called Sunday. I called Monday. This is Don. Nothing important. Love ya, hon. You sounded okay. Well, okay considering you are 85 with bone cancer. You had already beaten prostate cancer, kidney malfunction by having those two tubes permanently attached to your backand, most recently, you recovered from COVID I got mad at you when you complained about having to quarantine for 14 days after they let you out of the hospital.
Not to mention, this is a depressing time in the world. I'm sorry for getting mad. Ours is a funny friendship. You are the neighbor who welcomed me ten years ago to my new home in an unfamiliar rural town. Even after you and Shirley moved away, you came by to check on me, showing up in my backyard on your three-wheeled motorcycle.
We sat so long talking on the park bench overlooking the river that we went back and got a second one—yours always with whipped cream, nuts, and a cherry; mine always plain with just the hot fudge.
When Shirley died we spent more time together.
We are both well-traveled and love road trips, especially in our RVs. I miss my RV. I know you miss yours too. You lost Shirley. I lost Daisy. You lost the ability to walk when your knees wore out.
I lost yet another piece of my heart when Jack died. You lost your will to live on more than one occasion. I lost my direction in life even more often. One of the things I especially appreciate about our friendship is your nightly text messages. It may seem small, but that one small thing means a lot to me. Those little cartoonish avatars—yours with the beard and glasses, the plaid shirt, and belted jeans; mine with the blond ponytail, a few freckles, and red turtleneck—not only make me smile, they are a reminder that no matter how hard life gets, how busy or how far apart we are, there is one consistent thing I can count on: the presence of a loyal friend—you.
The bone cancer was getting painful, you told me. The doctors said it was the fast-growing kind.